Fisher (Martes pennanti) MARYLAND MAMMALS Can reach speeds up to 39 mph. Builds nests in trees. Seal, Harp (Pagophilus groenlandicus) Also known as North American Least Shrew, Small Short-tailed Shrew and Bee Shrew. Carnivore; kogiidae; up to 12 feet long; weighs up to 1,000 pounds; gray-blue or brown back with pink or white belly and wrinkled skin; circular marking around bulging eyes with false gill plate behind; shark-like head with pointed snout; "spermaceti organ" in head that contains oil. Maryland Manual On-Line Hibernates during winter months. Carnivore; diurnal; pinnipedia; 5 to 11 feet long. Distinguished from harbor seal by longer face and fewer spots on body. Shrew, Southern Pygmy (Sorex hoyi winnemana) The head, neck, forelegs, and front parts of the body have a thick coat of long, dark hair. Herbivore; diurnal; cervidae; 6.3 to 8 feet long, 4.5 to 5 feet tall at shoulders; weighs 500 to 700 lbs. Subspecies of American Pygmy Shrew. Maryland Municipalities Carnivore; delphinidae; up to 24 feet long; weighs up to 6,600 pounds; square head and black, gray, or brown back with white or gray "saddle" or patch behind dorsal fin; white-gray patch on belly and throat and white-gray stripe behind eyes; pointed flippers. Burrows. Lives alone or in pods. Burrows. Lives alone or in small pod. Eastern Cottontail Rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus), Glen Burnie, Maryland, June 2015 (left) & June 2019 (right). Pack hunter; burrowing animal, yet primarily uses existing burrows and dens. Distinguished from harbor seal by longer face and fewer spots on body. Carnivore; delphinidae; 6 to 13 feet long; weighs 300 to 1,400 lbs. Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; 4 to 5 inches long (including tail). Prefers deciduous and mixed forests. Annapolis (right), August 2014. Also known as Grey Seal, Atlantic Grey Seal, and Horsehead Seal. Burrows. Acrobatic and fast swimmer. Mouse, Deer (Peromyscus maniculatus) Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum) Shrew, Northern Short-tailed (Blarina brevicauda) Lives alone. Vole, Rock (Microtus chrotorrhinus) Whale, Dwarf Sperm (Kogia simus) Burrows and climbs. AMERICAN BISON: MARYLAND TRADENAME: WRITE REVIEW: Address: 3035 Ascension St Baltimore, MD 21225: Registered Agent: Filing Date: December 29, 2000: File Number: T00151907: Contact Us About The Company Profile For American Bison Whale, Humpback (Megaptera novaeangliae) Lives in pod; Acrobatic and fast swimmer. Pigmentation pattern on underside of tail or fluke similar to human fingerprint. Whale, Blue (Balaenoptera musculus) Lives in small pod. ; dark back, white belly, with gray-gold pattern along sides. Also known simply as Possum, or North American Opossum. Herbivore; crepuscular; leporidae; 14.5 to 15.5 inches long; fur turns white in winter, and brown in warmer months; black-tipped ears all year. Migratory. Fast swimmer. Prefers mixed forests. Feeds by lunging into prey schools. Primarily nests in tree hollows. Carnivore; delphinidae; up to 25 feet long; weighs up to 5,000 pounds; black, gray or brown body with white markings; square, sometimes creased, forehead or melon; long, sickle-shaped flippers. Semi-aquatic. Acrobatic and fast swimmer. Omnivore; crepuscular; rodent. Lives alone or in pods. Subspecies of American Water Shrew. Prefers caves, mines, and rocky areas. Whale, Melon-headed (Peponocephala electra) Burrows. Fox, Red (Vulpes vulpes) Seal, Harbor (Phoca vitulina) Also known as Swamp Rat. 3.9 inches long (including tail). Maryland Executive Commissions, Committees, Task Forces, & Advisory Boards Also known as White-footed Deermouse and Wood Mouse. Dolphin, Short-beaked Common (Delphinus delphis) Mink (Mustela vison) Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 8.2 to 9 inches long. Also known as Biscayan Right Whale. Migratory. Primarily subterranean. Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; 5 to 6.7 inches long (including tail). Burrows. Photo by Diane F. Evartt. Also known as Common Dolphin and Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin. Also known as Many-toothed Blackfish and Electra Dolphin. Also known as Blackfish, Orca, and Sea Wolf. Carnivore; kogiidae; up to 9 feet long; weighs 300 to 600 pounds; gray-blue or brown wrinkled back with white-pink belly; dark bulging eyes; white false gill plate; shark-like head with pointed snout with curved teeth; "spermaceti organ" in head that contains oil. Fast swimmer. Seal, Hooded (Cystophora cristata) Maryland State Symbols Fast swimmer. Prefers deciduous and mixed forests. Shrew, Northern Short-tailed (Blarina brevicauda) 6.3 inches long (including tail). Dolphin, Risso's (Grampus griseus) Largest rodent and only beaver species found in North America. Vole, Woodland (Microtus pinetorum) Shrew, Smoky (Sorex fumeus) Also known as Common Shrew and Masked Shrew. Skims the surface for crustaceans. Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; 3 to 3.5 inches long (including tail); venomous saliva (painful, but not lethal to humans). Lives in small matriarchal pod. Maryland Universities & Colleges Lives in small matriarchal pod. The Nutria is an invasive species. Whale, Melon-headed (Peponocephala electra) Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; approx. Carnivore; diurnal; pinnipedia; 5 to 11 feet long. Vole, Southern Red-backed (Myodes gapperi) Photos by Diane F. Evartt. Dolphin, Striped (Stenella coeruleoalba) Almost indistinct from Sylvilagus floridanus, but its distinct separating feature is the dark patch of fur between its ears. Photo by Diane F. Evartt. Acrobatic and fast swimmer. Skilled climber. Burrows. Omnivore; diurnal; rodent; 5 to 6 inches long; striped back. Virginia Opossum (Didelphis virginiana), Irvine Nature Center exhibit at Ladew Topiary Gardens, 3535 Jarrettsville Pike, Monkton, Maryland, October 2019. Carnivore; delphinidae; 7 feet long; weighs 300 lbs. ; short, curved horns. Solitary hunter. Marten, American (Martes americana) Search the Manual Carnivore; diurnal; pinnipedia; up to 6.1 feet long. Prefers farmlands and meadows. Mouse, Woodland Jumping (Napaeozapus insignis) Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; approx. Maryland Executive Commissions, Committees, Task Forces, & Advisory Boards Mouse, Eastern Harvest (Reithrodontomys humulis) Carnivore; physeteridae; up to 52 feet long; weighs up to 45 tons; large head and gray back with occasional white markings on belly; ridged, wrinkled back; mouth's interior can be white; "spermaceti organ" in head that contains oil; blowhole on left side of head. Lives in pod. Shrew, Least (Cryptotis parva) Hunts prey in groups, similar to wolf packs. Vole, Meadow (Microtus pennsylvanicus) Burrows, and climbs. Carnivore; crepuscular; canine; 18 to 35 inches long; weighs 8 to 17 lbs. Semi-aquatic. Migratory. Also known as Assateague Pony or Chincoteage Pony. Whale, Sperm (Physeter macrocephalus) Photo by Diane F. Evartt. Name is Norwegian for pollock. Also known as Gill's Bottlenose Dolphin. Buffalo Meat, Bison Meat for Sale, Order Buffalo Grass-Fed Bison Online, Organic Bison Meat, Bison Steaks, Buffalo Burger, Buffalo Meat Recipes Rat, Black (Rattus rattus) Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; distinct covering of barbed quills. Also known as Grey Seal, Atlantic Grey Seal, and Horsehead Seal. Skunk, Striped (Mephitis mephitis) Classified as Endangered. Skilled climber; immune to snake venom. Smallest mammal (by weight) in North America. Classified as Endangered. Rabbit, Appalachian Cottontail (Sylvilagus obscurus) Search the Manual Teeth can grow up to 4 inches long. Granivore; diurnal; rodent; approx. Carnivore; delphinidae; 7 feet long; weighs 300 lbs. Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; 8 to 10 inches long, 7 to 8 inch tail; distinct furred tail. Lives alone or in small pod. Climbs and swims. Distinguished from gray seals by shorter nose, and mottled coloring. Mouse, Deer (Peromyscus maniculatus) Generally slow-moving, but capable of short bursts of speed. Bear, American Black (Ursus americanus) Also known as Cachalot. Bison Meat, Prefers damp, open habitats. Rat, Marsh Rice (Oryzomys palustris) Maryland Counties Also known as Cachalot. Largest and heaviest animal in the world. Carnivore; phocidae; 5 to 6 feet long; 300 to 400 pounds; gray-silver body, black eyes, harp-shaped markings on back. Prefers deciduous forests. Carnivore; delphinidae; up to 9 feet long; weights up to 460 pounds; gray torpedo-shaped body with darker "cape" or patch around tall dorsal fin and dark "mask" on face; round head. Eastern Cottontail Rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus), Glen Burnie, Maryland, June 2015 (left) & June 2019 (right). If you are looking for a new buffalo recipe, we offer a great selection of cookbooks too! Named for Frederick W. True, who first described them. Carnivore; physeteridae; up to 52 feet long; weighs up to 45 tons; large head and gray back with occasional white markings on belly; ridged, wrinkled back; mouth's interior can be white; "spermaceti organ" in head that contains oil; blowhole on left side of head. Primary flight time is early to late evening, so as to avoid competition from other bats. Virginia Opossum (Didelphis virginiana), Irvine Nature Center exhibit at Ladew Topiary Gardens, 3535 Jarrettsville Pike, Monkton, Maryland, October 2019. Feral horse [Assateague horse](right), Assateague Island National Park Seashore, Berlin, Maryland, May 2015. Burrows. Carnivore; balaenopteridae; up to 35 feet long; weighs up to 10 tons; dark gray-black back with white belly; gray streak between pectoral fins; two gray-white patches around middle; lower jaw extends further than upper; baleen plates in mouth, grooves or pleats along throat; pointed snout, white stripe on flippers. George A Feldhamer; Bruce Carlyle Thompson; Joseph A Chapman. Also known as North American Least Shrew, Small Short-tailed Shrew and Bee Shrew. Capable of short bursts of speed. Rat, Marsh Rice (Oryzomys palustris) Insectivore; nocturnal; chiroptera; approx. Skilled climber. Generally slow-moving, but capable of short bursts of speed. Lives alone or in small pod. Information on the Bison / Buffalo hunting {American Bison} and Habitat. Carnivore; both diurnal and nocturnal; canine; 3.5 to 5.5 feet long, 2 to 3 feet tall at shoulder. Also known as Dwarf Weasel, Pygmy Weasel, and Mouse Weasel. Primarily nests in ground debris, or rotted logs. Feral horses [Assateague horses], Assateague Island National Park Seashore (Worcester County), October 2016. Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; 8 to 10 inches long, 7 to 8 inch tail; distinct furred tail. Skilled climber. Migratory. 3.9 inches long (including tail). Also known as Blackfish and Pothead. Lives alone or in small pod. Prefers deciduous and mixed forests. Shrew, Long-tailed (Sorex dispar) Wolf, Gray (Canis lupus) 15 inches long (excluding tail). Raccoon (Procyon lotor) Carnivore; 35 to 55 inches long; webbed feet and water-repellant fur. Lives alone. Can jump more than 15 feet horizontally. Granivore; diurnal; rodent; approx. Skilled climber. Carnivore; diurnal; pinnipedia; 5 to 11 feet long. Maryland Counties Also known as North American Least Shrew, Small Short-tailed Shrew and Bee Shrew. Also known as Eastern Flying Squirrel. Insectivore; nocturnal; chiroptera; 4 to 5 inches long, 11 to 13 inch wingspan. Primarily nests in ground debris, or rotted logs. Squirrel, Southern Flying (Glaucomys volans) Photo by Sarah A. Hanks. Carnivore; crepuscular; canine; 18 to 35 inches long; weighs 8 to 17 lbs. Carnivore; balaenopteridae; up to 50 feet long; weighs up to 70 tons; large callus-covered head and thick black or gray body; lack dorsal fin; thick blubber layer; baleen plates in mouth. Slow swimmer. Skunk, Eastern Spotted (Spilogale putorius) Burrows. Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; approx. Fast swimmer. Herbivore; trichechidae; 9 to 13 feet long; weighs 800 to 1300 lbs. Porpoise, Harbor (Phocoena phocoena) Largest and heaviest animal in the world. Prefers mixed forests. Skilled climber. Maryland Constitutional Offices & Agencies Can reach speeds up to 18 mph. Mole, Eastern (Scalopus aquaticus) Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 4 to 5 inches long (including tail). Whale, True's Beaked (Mesoplodon mirus) Classified as Endangered. Once extinct on East Coast, elk were reintroduced in neighboring states of Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. Also known as Eastern Flying Squirrel. Burrows. Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 6 to 8 inches long; approx. Fast swimmer. Traps prey in "bubble nets" before lunging in. 5.5 inches long (including tail). Also known as Swamp Rat. Skilled climber; immune to snake venom. Classified as Endangered. Thrives in close proximity to humans. Skilled climber. Carnivore; balaenopteridae; up to 85 feet long; weighs up to 80 tons; sleek, slender black or gray-brown back with white belly; right lower jaw is white while left is black; underside of tail is white with gray outline; "V"-shaped head with gray marks behind it; baleen plates in mouth, pleats along throat. Solitary. Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; up to 24 inches long. Found in marshy areas and fields. Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 6 to 8 inches long; approx. Migratory. Primarily nests in ground debris, or rotted logs. Whale, Cuvier's Beaked (Ziphius cavirostris) Lives alone or in pods. Burrows. Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 6 to 8 inches long (including tail); distinct feet (including ankles) are completely white. Hibernates during winter months. Prefers deciduous forest near streams or ponds. Also known as Common Porpoise and Puffing Pig. Hibernates during winter months. Swims and burrows. Males usually are scarred and have a pair of teeth on tip of lower jaw. Emits red ink-like substance if frightened. Also known as Blackfish, Orca, and Sea Wolf. Carnivore; delphinidae; 8 feet long; weighs 300 to 350 lbs. Carnivore; kogiidae; up to 9 feet long; weighs 300 to 600 pounds; gray-blue or brown wrinkled back with white-pink belly; dark bulging eyes; white false gill plate; shark-like head with pointed snout with curved teeth; "spermaceti organ" in head that contains oil. Traps prey in "bubble nets" before lunging in. Skilled climber. Maryland Departments Skilled climber. Hibernates during winter months. Acrobatic and fast swimmer. Shrew, Least (Cryptotis parva) Maryland Constitutional Offices & Agencies Granivore; diurnal; rodent; 7 to 8 inches long (excluding tail); distinct white belly. Squirrel, Delmarva Fox (Sciurus niger cinereus) Carnivore; delphinidae; up to 9 feet long; weights up to 460 pounds; gray torpedo-shaped body with darker "cape" or patch around tall dorsal fin and dark "mask" on face; round head. Acrobatic, known for breaching and slapping fins or tail against the water. Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; approx. Shrew, Southeastern (Sorex longirostris) Whale, Long-finned Pilot (Globicephala melas) Acrobatic, known for breaching and slapping fins or tail against the water. Largest brain on Earth. Pigmentation pattern on underside of tail or fluke similar to human fingerprint. Emits brown-red ink-like substance if frightened. (Perimyotis subflavus) Whale, Sei (Balaenoptera borealis) Solitary hunter. Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 8 to 10 inches long (including tail). Carnivore; nocturnal; mustelid. Skunk, Eastern Spotted (Spilogale putorius) Carnivore; crepuscular; canine; 31 to 41 inches long; weighs 8 to 15 lbs. The gray wolf is regionally extinct (no wild occurrences) in Maryland. Classified as Endangered. ; gray back, light belly, round forehead. Teeth can grow up to 4 inches long. Carnivore; physeteridae; up to 52 feet long; weighs up to 45 tons; large head and gray back with occasional white markings on belly; ridged, wrinkled back; mouth's interior can be white; "spermaceti organ" in head that contains oil; blowhole on left side of head. Also known as Cachalot. 6.5 inches long. Omnivore; nocturnal; procyonidae; 16 to 28 inches long, 9 to 12 inches tall at shoulders; distinct "bandit mask" coloring around eyes. Photo by Sarah A. Hanks. Lives alone. Prefers deciduous and mixed forests. Mouse, Eastern Harvest (Reithrodontomys humulis) Carnivore; balaenopteridae; up to 85 feet long; weighs up to 80 tons; sleek, slender black or gray-brown back with white belly; right lower jaw is white while left is black; underside of tail is white with gray outline; "V"-shaped head with gray marks behind it; baleen plates in mouth, pleats along throat. Squirrel, Red (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus) Bison Hides, Prefers damp, open habitats. Also known as Sea Cow. Eastern Cottontail Rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus), Glen Burnie (left), June 2019 & Maryland Manual On-Line Can reach speeds up to 39 mph. Intelligent. Fast swimmer. Shrew, Long-tailed (Sorex dispar) Carnivore; balaenopteridae; up to 50 feet long; weighs up to 70 tons; large callus-covered head and thick black or gray body; lack dorsal fin; thick blubber layer; baleen plates in mouth. Coyote (Canis latrans) Smallest mammal (by weight) in North America. Carnivore; both diurnal and nocturnal; mustelid; approx. Omnivore; crepuscular; rodent. Also known as Brown Rat, Common Rat, Hanover Rat, Norwegian Rat, and Wharf Rat. Solitary hunter. Herbivore; crepuscular; leporidae; 15.5 to 17 inches long; weighs 1.75 to 2.5 lbs. Granivore; diurnal; rodent; 7 to 8 inches long (excluding tail); distinct white belly. Whale, Sei (Balaenoptera borealis) Solitary hunter. Granivore; diurnal; rodent; 10 to 14.5 inches long (excluding tail). ; dark gray back and light sides with white belly and spotted throughout. Acrobatic and fast swimmer. Herbivore; diurnal; cervidae; 6.3 to 8 feet long, 4.5 to 5 feet tall at shoulders; weighs 500 to 700 lbs. 15 inches long (excluding tail). Maryland Municipalities Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; 4 to 5 inches long (including tail). Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; approx. Also known as Canadian Porcupine, and North American Porcupine. Squirrel, Delmarva Fox (Sciurus niger cinereus) Woodrat, Allegheny (Neotoma magister) Omnivore; diurnal; talpidae; 6 to 8 inches long; distinct pink tentacles on snout. M A breed of bison could be found on the East Coast not too long ago, National Park Service archaeologist Stephen Potter told a group gathered Wednesday night. Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 16 to 24 inches long; long, narrow, scaled tail. Photo by Diane F. Evartt. Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 4 to 5 inches long (including tail). Herbivore; trichechidae; 9 to 13 feet long; weighs 800 to 1300 lbs. Acrobatic and fast swimmer. Prefers deciduous and mixed forests. Eastern Cottontail Rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus), Glen Burnie, Maryland, June 2015 (left) & June 2019 (right). Mole, Hairy-tailed (Parascalops breweri) Carnivore; kogiidae; up to 12 feet long; weighs up to 1,000 pounds; gray-blue or brown back with pink or white belly and wrinkled skin; circular marking around bulging eyes with false gill plate behind; shark-like head with pointed snout; "spermaceti organ" in head that contains oil. With vast selections of buffalo meat, bison meat, wild boar, and elk, Northfork has delicious meat for every need and occasion at affordable prices! Woodfire Kitchen (93) 1.5 mi $$ - $$$ American. Solitary. Prefers damp, open habitats. Herbivore; diurnal; equine; 4.4 to 5.4 feet tall at shoulders; found primarily on Assateague Island, with a herd protected at Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge in Worcester County. Omnivore; crepuscular; rodent. Also known as Mountain Lion, Panther, and Puma. Carnivore; both diurnal and nocturnal; canine; 3.5 to 5.5 feet long, 2 to 3 feet tall at shoulder. Dolphin, Striped (Stenella coeruleoalba) Chipmunk, Eastern (Tamias striatus) Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 16 to 24 inches long; long, narrow, scaled tail. Eastern Fox Squirrel, Glen Burnie, Maryland, January 2011. 8 inch long tail; may be colors other than black. Acrobatic, known for breaching and slapping fins or tail against the water. Feral horse [Assateague horse](left), Assateague Island National Park Seashore, Berlin, Maryland, May 2018. Carnivore; kogiidae; up to 12 feet long; weighs up to 1,000 pounds; gray-blue or brown back with pink or white belly and wrinkled skin; circular marking around bulging eyes with false gill plate behind; shark-like head with pointed snout; "spermaceti organ" in head that contains oil. Lives in small pod. Vole, Southern Red-backed (Myodes gapperi) Prefers coniferous and mixed forests. Gunpowder Bison & Trading Co., Monkton: Hours, Address, Gunpowder Bison & Trading Co. Primarily nests in tree hollows. Deer tracks on sand, New Germany State Park, Grantsville, Maryland, October 2015. Carnivore; ziphiidae; 16 to 24 feet long; weighs up to 6,800 pounds; cigar-shaped gray or brown-red back with light belly; often covered with scars and scratches; white stripe along back; males have a pair of teeth on lower jaw's tip; small concave head and short beak; small flippers can be tucked into body. Subspecies of American Water Shrew. 5.5 inches long (including tail). Lives in colonies. e-mail: mdmanual@mdarchives.state.md.us. Classified as Endangered. Burrows and climbs. Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; approx. Photo by Diane F. Evartt. Carnivore; kogiidae; up to 9 feet long; weighs 300 to 600 pounds; gray-blue or brown wrinkled back with white-pink belly; dark bulging eyes; white false gill plate; shark-like head with pointed snout with curved teeth; "spermaceti organ" in head that contains oil.

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